Sports Training & Nutrition Resources (03)

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Principles of Training for Athletes
There are five principles of athletic training: specificity, overload, recovery, adaptation and reversibility or detraining. The exercise must be specific to the type of strength required by the athlete to meet the demands of the sport event he or she is into. On the other hand, overload is performed by the athlete by simply adding the number of sets and repetitions and increasing the resistance and intensity of the workout. But still, you should have enough rest so your body can recover and adapt to the next level of training. The rate of adaptation depends on the exercise to be performed. For more detailed explanation, check this article at

Most Downloaded Psychology of Sport and Exercise Articles
If you think sport is just a physical activity, think again. While it is true that the body receives the direct and most concrete effects of exercise and sport, it also affects the psychological state of a person and vice versa. This page contains a link to the most downloaded research-based sport and exercise psychology articles in the last three months. Topics of the articles include reasons why teenage girls withdraw from sports, the effects of exercise intervention in depressed individuals, the effect of gender stereotypes of the performance of women athletes, the effect of neurofeedback training in sport excellence, and burnout in young athletes.

The Importance of Cross Training
Cross training, also called circuit training, refers to combined exercises of disciplines that the athlete is not training in. for example, a runner who does cycling, swimming or lifting is cross training. Why should athlete cross train? This article, written by ACSM Health Fitness Specialist Hope Epton explains the importance of cross training. One of the benefits of cross training is that it conditions muscles that are not used during sport-specific training. Cross training also helps athletes avoid burnout and plateau, aids injured athletes continue training without impact on the injured body part, and conditions the entire body.

The Importance of Hydration from The Hiking Life
Everybody gets sore muscles, and we all generally treat them after the fact. Nutrition and science can help get you better results and less muscle stress without compromising the results you want. Taking in the right amino acids, proteins and vitamins can help to prevent the build up of lactic acid, which causes muscles to become sore. It's recommended to bring at least one liter per hour of hiking, and more if the temperature is going to be unusually hot or you'll have to hike up a lot of hills. Also recommended is to not conserve your water, because once symptoms hit, it's too late. The article organizes the discussion in five sections: research, how much? techniques, dyhydration, and finding water.

Triathlon Training Source: Nutrition, Swimming, Ironman, Running, Biking
This website by triathlon club Tri-Sport Epping provides a very useful source for beginning triathletes and experienced racers. There is advice on deciding if triathlon is for you, tips for triathlon training, race day tips and more. One section discusses breaking up training into phases, and another triathlete shares keeping a triathlon training log. There are also ironman tips, as well as a nutrition section. Sections on swimming, running and biking techniques are offered. The practical advice is written by real triathletes, which is why many will find it a very valuable source.

Tips by Bob Rotella on Winning an Important Golf Game
Are you yet to win your major? Then you can take wisdom from this list of tips compiled by sports psychologist Dr. Bob Rotella and avid golfer and Golf Digest managing editor Alan P. Pittman. There are ten tips, each of which is explained succinctly with examples. The most notable of them include believing in yourself, finding another person who believes you can do it, having a mental and physical routine for each shot, and embracing your golf personality, which states that you do not have to engage in chatter if that is not how you play, and vice versa.

Sports Nutrition Diets and More
A huge resource for those interested in improving their health. This list of articles includes topics such as: proteins and carbohydrates for athletes, skiing and diets, danger of grilling, young athletes and dieting, best nutrition for football season, what to eat before and after exercise, football season dieting, DHEA facts, strength training and diet and nutrition for optimal performance. The articles under these various topics are filled with information about the best sports drinks and diets that will improve an athlete's game.


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